There are so many things not to miss in Dubrovnik! City walls are one of the most monumental fortifications in Europe ...

 City walls are example of the development of the fortress architecture. The construction of the first forts started in the 8th century, but the most intensive construction was from the mid 15th to the late 16th century. The great earthquake in 1667 did not hurt them much.

The walls call the town in the form of an improper mullion, with the mincet tower on the highest northwestern corner of the city and the fortress of St. Ivana from the sea, south east.

Strong fortresses such as the Lovrijenca Pile and Revelin on Ploče, though separate from the walls, fall into the defense system. The wall is 22 m in some places. The wall thickness of the land is 4 to 6 m, and the sea side is one and a half to 3 m. On the land side in front of the main wall there is a barn with 10 semicircular bastions and before them in the past bio and jarak. The main wall has 14 square-towers, 2 round towers, 2 corner forts and 4 bastions.

There are three entrances to the city walls: on the Stradun at the door of Pila, at the Fortress of St. Ivana and the Fortress of St. Luke.

The Old Town is enclosed in high defensive walls which are excellently preserved to this day. They are the biggest tourist attraction because the walk along the 1940 meter long walls and a beautiful view of Dubrovnik, the sea and the islands is a unique experience. Avoid visiting the walls in the strong sun because it is extremely exhausting. The best time for a visit is early in the morning or late in the afternoon, and bring a lot of water. On the north side there is a round Minčeta tower, built in the 15th ct. A famous architect Juraj Dalmatinac also took part in the construction.

St Ivan tower protected the port of Dubrovnik.

On the eastern side of the walls there is a Revelin tower. It was built in the 15th ct. for protecting the town from the Turks.

The town gates Pile are the western entry into town. The gates used to have a drawbridge which closed every night.

A wide main street Stradun stretches through the center. It is the very heart of town, a favorite gathering place and a promenade for Dubrovnik citizens and their guests. During the day, many entertainers, artists and traditional craftsmen gather here in order to show the guests what their town was like in the old days.

At the western threshold of Stradun there is the Big Onofrio fountain which used to be one of the main water sources and a part of the Dubrovnik water supply system dating back to the 15th ct.

The Sponza Palace is one of the most beautiful gothic-renaissance palaces in Dubrovnik. The Ragusan Republic custom duty office, as well as state treasury, bank, mint and school were placed here. The palace atrium was a trading center and gathering place for the business people of Dubrovnik.

Today, a State Archive is placed in the palace, where Dubrovnik historic documents are kept.

The town bell tower with a clock was built in 1444. It was heavily damaged in the graet earthquake of 1667 and it was rebuilt in 1929 according to its original plan.

Next to the bell tower there is a town Loggia which provides a wonderful view of the Stradun. A nearby Rector's Palace (Knežev dvor) was the seat of the government and house of the Rector (Duke) of the Republic of Ragusa. Today, the Town Culture-Historical Museum is placed in this gothic palace with renaissance and baroque additions. Concerts often take place in the palace atrium.

One of the most important symbols of Dubrovnik is the Orlando column. It is also the oldest statue in Dubrovnik, depicting a medieval knight with a sword. Dubrovnik flag used to be placed above it, and messengers proclaimed important news there. Dubrovnik official measure, lakat (51, 2 cm), was based on the length of the knight’s forearm.

The famous Church of St Vlaho is also located in this part of town. This wonderful baroque church was built on the ruins of an older, Romanesque church which was destroyed in a great fire in the 18th ct.

Every year on February 3rd the most important religious festivity is celebrated in Dubrovnik – Festivity of St Blaise. In the past it was customary for convicts and outlaws to freely enter the city in the period two days before and after the festivity without being pursued.

On the eastern end of Stradun there is the eastern town gate – Ploče gates.

Monumental Dubrovnik Cathedral was built in the place of the older Romanesque basilica. The legend says that English king Richard I Lionheart survived a shipwreck near the island of Lokrum while he was returning from the third crusade war. To show his gratitude to Dubrovnik he made a gift of 100 000 ducats which were used to build the basilica. Unfortunately, it was destroyed in a disastrous earthquake which struck Dubrovnik in 1667 and on its ruins a new luxurious cathedral was built. Mount Srđ is situated above Dubrovnik, with a fantastic view of the town and its surroundings. From Ploče to the Srđ peak there is a cableway and we warmly recommend it as a nice daytrip while in Dubrovnik.